Dame Elisabeth Frink
Elisbeth Frink, CH, DBE, RA was born in Thurlow, Suffolk, in 1930.
She studied at Guildford School of Art (1947-49) and Chelsea School of Art, London (1949-53) under Bernard Meadows and Willi Soukop.
She taught at Chelsea School of Art (1953-61), St Martin's School of Art (1954-62) and was visiting lecturer at the Royal College of Art (1965-67).
As one of Britain's leading sculptors, Frink was awarded Honorary Doctorates by the University of Surrey (1977), Open University (1983), University of Warwick (1983), University of Cambridge (1988), University of Exeter (1988), University of Oxford (1989) and University of Keele (1989).
She also received official recognition, being awarded the CBE in 1969, and in 1982 she was created Dame of the British Empire.
Men, dogs, horses and birds were constant subject-matter throughout Frink's career. She modelled, cast in plaster and then carved the plaster, much as Henry Moore had done, to achieve a tougher surface when the plaster was cast in bronze.
Unlike Moore, however, she rarely worked with the female form: 'I have focused on the male because to me he is a subtle combination of sensuality and strength with vulnerability,' as quoted by her in Catalogue Raisonne "Elisabeth Frink: Sculpture" Harpvale, 1984.
Her figures have dignity, mystery and a simplicity of form which place them apart from us: they seem to be focused elsewhere. The animals demonstrate her deep understanding of their state, for she encapsulates their innate and individual characteristics. Frink's drawing and graphic work followed the same themes, being executed with the economy of means and feeling for surface texture that is to be found in her three-dimensional work.
She died in 1993.